• Music Choice vs Stingray Settlement – Accurate Analysis by EGLA

    Music Choice vs Stingray Settlement arrives right before trial. This case has been analyzed as a case by our experts from two angles:
    • ♠ Technology
    • ♠ Damages
    On February 4th, 2020,  Music Choice announced that has settled the case for $13.3M right before an important hearing and a potential trial date set for March 3rd, 2020.  Obviously, there is no more hearing and no more trial. ...
  • Damages Reports with Loss Profits

    Damages Reports with Loss Profits : Non-Infringing Alternatives and  Reasonable Royalty

    Damages Reports with Loss Profits require a set of guidelines to meet, specially the absence of Non-Infringing Alternatives. Non-Infringing Alternatives are important when determining damages and what is called,  the Panduit Test. Damages experts usually have two choices when calculating damages in intellectual property cases:

    • •  Loss Profits,
    • •  Reasonable Royalty

    There are numerous cases where loss profits are computed, and how in some cases  even arriving to a reasonable royalty might be confusing and complicated.

    Patent Damages theories including some landmark cases like Apple Inc vs Motorola Inc, Fed. Cir 2014 or other specially citing “Extent of use” approach, where a proportion of a technology affects the value of certain technology.

    One of the theories used in many damages reports or when following a hypothetical negotiations, or what is called Georgia-Pacific factor for reasonable royalties. 

    Indeed, reaching a reasonable royalty is far more complicated than simply computing and writing damages reports with loss profits.  However Loss Profits require a test that needs to include (see https://www.fr.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/FINAL_Patent_Damages_12_01.pdf) :

    For lost profits, “not infringed” means the hypothetical world in which the infringer did not use the technology at all in competition with the patentee.  See Grain Processing Corp. v. Am. Maize-Prods. Co., 185 F.3d 1341, 1350 (Fed. cir. 1999) (quot- ing Aro, 377 u.S. at 507).

    I will use a sample case from the Federal Circuit to see how Loss Profits were used to compute damages.

    In Dkct #280 of Case 2:16-cv-00586-JRG-RSP , the magistrate judge analyzed motions and filed and order stating that:

    Stingray, which entered the United States in 2010, is Music Choice’s only significant competitor. Stingray has three products in the United States relevant to Music Choice’s claims: (1) the Music TV App, which consists of VOD music programming, which Music Choice accuses of infringing the ’025 and ’045 VOD Linking Patents; (2) the “OSE2” version of Stingray’s UbiquiCAST system, which provides images corresponding to the music playing, which Music Choice accuses of infringing the ’025 and ’045 VOD Linking Patents; and (3) the “OSE1” version of its UbiquiCAST system, which only provides generic images and which Music Choice does not accuse of infringement in this case. (Dkt. No. 214, at 2).

    What this mean is that the defendant, Stingray, attempted to convince the court that they have product that did not infringe on plaintiff’s patents and hence, loss profits analyst made by the expert, Dr. Ugone’s was wrong ( their products were Non-Infringing Alternatives)

    Lessson #1 – Panduit Test

    A panduit test is cited by the judge as follows:

    The four-factor Panduit test requires the patentee to show: (1) demand for the patented product; (2) an absence of acceptable, non-infringing alternatives or substitutes; (3) manufacturing and marketing capability to exploit the demand; and (4) the amount of profit that would have been made. Panduit, 575 F.2d at 1156

    This test then requires that basically, there is no an acceptable, non-infringing substitute to the patents in dispute.

    Upon analyzing, the pleadings filed by Greenberg and Decher Law, Stingray and Music Choice attorneys, the judge states that:

    Stingray questions Dr. Ugone’s application of Panduit factor 2, which is “the absence of acceptable non-infringing alternatives or substitutes.” Panduit, 575 F.2d at 1156. Stingray states that Dr. Ugone’s conclusion that “OSE1 is not an acceptable non-infringing substitute because of the ‘importance of the features and benefits enabled by the Visual Complement Patent’” is flawed

    And concludes that, Dr. Ugone’s analysis is hence correct, and the alternatives presented by Stingray are just not appropriate.

    The Court concludes that Dr. Ugone’s analysis of lost profits under the Panduit test is sufficiently reliable with respect to Liberty. Stingray has not sufficiently shown that Dr. Ugone’s analysis here is so unreliable that exclusion is warranted. Instead, the arguments presented by Stingray are better suited for a jury.

    And obviously, the Daubert challenge made to Dr. Ugone’s report failed, and the court simply denied it.

    Lesson #2 : Non-Infringing Alternatives

    There are numerous cases where Non-Infringing Alternatives or NIA is determined by simply finding out if:

    By Noninfringing alternatives, we mean that the infringer, without infringing the subject patent, could have made the same product and achieved an equal number of sales using that alternative.

    Gain Processing is a decision that brought a lot of light when to use a reasonable royalty and when to use loss profits.

    Grain Processing has made it more difficult for patent holders to claim lost profits damages, it is less well understood how Grain Processing has affected the incentives of companies to risk litigation by using patented technology (without a license) rather than to avoid infringement by using an economically inferior non-infringing technology.

    This indeed brings the questions what would be a difference by example between both:

    In the same case, apparently in March 2011, Music Choice charge $0.12 per residential subscriber, however due to competition brough by Stingray, decried i to $0.0931 and its competitor, Stingray offered i at $0.03 per residential subscriber, which seems to be working at a loss. Loss Profits is a simple computation.

    What Dr. Ugone identified is hat $15.69 M in loss profits where associated o Liberty and AT&T.

    Although, this price erosion and loss profits from 2014-2018 could have been affecting other clients as well, it is unknown, as all the damages reports are confidential and cannot be seen.

    A simple computation indicates that, $60M could have been the loss of revenues, as the cost, could have been flat at $0.03 per subscriber.

    Then, if a NIA existed and it was not mere speculation (from https://www.stout.com/en/insights/article/presidio-atc-new-insights-regarding-noninfringing-alternatives/) :

    When an alleged alternative is not on the market during the accounting period, a trial court may reasonably infer that it was not available as a noninfringing substitute at that time. The accused infringer then has the burden to overcome this inference by showing that the substitute was available during the accounting period. Mere speculation or conclusory assertions will not suffice to overcome the inference. After all, the infringer chose to produce the infringing, rather than noninfringing, product. Thus, the trial court must proceed with caution in assessing proof of the availability of substitutes not actually sold during the period of infringement. Acceptable substitutes that the infringer proves were available during the accounting period can preclude or limit lost profits; substitutes only theoretically possible will not.[3]

    Assuming then that, a non-infringing alternative exists, which is this case would have been my patents, or Cloud to Cable, as :

    • • Cloud to cable enables a visual component with audio and video,
    • • Cloud to cable can be used for VOD or SVOD
    • • Cloud to Cable has been tested and besides being a patent is a software device with implementation.

    Clearly, Cloud to Cable does and creates all what Music Choices states and claims Stingray is doing.

    However, Stingray MUST provide to the court that a NIA exists and a license was possible without infringing on it. This can be achieved with a licensing deal, in my opinion, and all Dr. Ugone’s analysis would be then with problems.

    Then assuming only AT&T and LIBERTY, or $15.6M in damages, could translate to $10% royalty or $4.5M or even at 1% or $450k total losses, which would be a significant decrease and impact from this litigation.

    Lesson #3 : Greenberg and Traurig $9M hole

    It doesn’t matter how large is your attorney’s firm or how much you paid, they may dump you.

    I contacted Greenberg and Traurig and presented them with my non-infringement alternatives back in 2018. I spoke with a few gentlemen but then radio silence. I still do not understand how strategically was not to discuss anything with me, after seeing all these rulings by the jugde.

    Greenberg and Trauring billed $9M to Stingray for a few years of litigation and dropped them, or were fired, it is not clear to me what happened but, what the new lawyers from Stingray are saying is that on Dkt #339:

    After nearly five years of litigating this lawsuit for Stingray and after collecting more than $9,000,000 in legal fees, Greenberg now seeks to withdraw as Stingray’s counsel of record at the same time this Court is understandably eager to get this case tried. Because of the timing of Greenberg’s Motion to Withdraw, Stingray is placed in an untenable position.

    Clearly, Stingray is still holding a hot potato and may go to trial, or accept  settlement that appears not to be of their liking.

    Greenberg’s withdrawal at this moment in time would materially prejudice Stingray’s ability to prepare for and participate at trial. Indeed, while it will not take several years or millions of dollars—as it has thus far—it will take considerable time for replacement counsel to acquaint themselves with the case in a manner sufficient to assist Stingray in mounting a robust defense. 

    Conclusions

    Lessons learned are:

    • • Stay on top of all potential solutions, and outcomes,
    • • Get lawyers from other firms, to work with the main firm, more expensive but who can keep checks and bounds,
    • • It is more inexpensive to simply take a license to a patented technology than infringing, I bet if Stingray Digital would I found some patents that were alternative would have spent less than the in a license.
    •  •Now, the case is a total mess, and who knows what the outcome will be
  • Smartphone Expert Witness

    Our team of engineers have worked in companies like Motorola Mobility,  Microsoft, Blackberry, Nokia, and many other phone manufacturers.  Dr. Edwin Hernandez has licensed some of his technologies to major phone manufacturers. ...
  • Cloud to Cable Patent Updates

    Cloud to Cable Patent Officially Issued (2nd Patent)

    The new patent also covering “Cloud to Cable TV” was issued on December 11th, 2019.

    What does Cloud to Cable Patent Covers?

    Cloud to Cable is a patented solution for music streaming providers to distribute content to MVPDs. Amplify your ooffering from online streaming to Cable TV & IPTV systems with linear channels and SVOD subscriptions. Create visually appealing streams with great sound, bundled with a mobile experience
    through the MEVIA app.

    Patents: US 10,123,074, and 10,524,002 with European Patent filed/PCT.

    Music and Video are ready in all broadcasting platforms for easy monetization from your affiliates in MVPD, IPTV, Smart TVs & Mobile systems.

    Cloud to Cable are high-performance servers ready for your customer’s CABSAT headend, with a fault-tolerance design for quick integration. The
    content is available in mobile applications and Cable TV Broadcasts as SVOD or linear channels, all at once

    Cloud to Cable TV patent Issued

    10,524,002 Patent Now Available

    Cloud to Cable Patent Portfolio

    As of December 11th, 2019, the USPTO officially issued US Patent 10,524,002 covering aspects of Cloud to Cable TV that were not covered in the initial patent. I received a notification today of my 12th issued US Patent and hopefully more to come in the coming years.

    This patent includes several claims that include: Generation of a parallelized set of MPEG TV / DVB Broadcasted to Cable TV systems or IPTV;  MPEG TV bi-directional communication from the Set Top Box to the Cable TV system’ Virtualized versions of the broadcasting embodiment or the Cloud and other important inventions covered..

    Edge Computing for TV Broadcasting

    Both, Cloud to Cable Patents, 10,123,074 and 10,524,002 cover a device or computing system that can be embodied into an edge server located at the Cable TV premises, IPTV System, or even at newly defined 4G LTE and 5G broadcasting platforms.

    Cloud to Cable TV brings virtualization to media broadcasting and distribution.

    For licensing proposals, partnerships, don’t hesitate to reach me.

    Cloud to Cable TV Patent

    The family of patents includes now 10,123,074 and 10,524,002, both patents entail

    As shown herein, those claims include for example:

    Two way control messages from Claim 24, Claim 24 itself,

    Injection of MPEG Metadata or MPEG Frames into the stream.

    Fault-tolerance system and multicasting server for MPEG encoded video and audio,

    HTTP Live Streaming, RTSP, or HTTP Playlist

    Linear and Video on Demand (VOD) Support.

    Software Platform and Reference Implementation

    The reference implementation and production device is implemented under our “MediaPlug” or “Mevia” Appliance. In general, any server with 8-16GB of RAM, i7 Intel Processor or AMD, 2TB drive (RAID), ethernet or fiber interfaces is more than sufficient to load all docker  images and be provisioned for media delivery.

    Additional Software Requirements

    Xen Server 7.2 or higher, or Ubuntu Linux 14.04 or higher with Docker Images.
    Sources implemented with PHP, Python, C/C++, BASH, and other modules.

    Mux and Cable Headend Requirements

    The Cable Headend should consist of a Motorola-based Cherry or any other DVB/MPEG mux. All Set Top Boxes can support multicast streams directly for IPTV systems with fiber, or Coaxial with DOCSIS 2.0-3.0.  MPEG messages and encoding depends on provider.

    Formatted for Audio-only, HTML-based Standard Definition (SD), High Definition (HD), 4K, and/or Dolby-digital Sound.

  • Case Opinions – Music Choice v. Stingray Digital

    Introduction

    I will start quoting, MultiChannel article that describes the genesis of this dispute..

    Stingray and Music Choice have a long history. In 2015, Music Choice sued Stingray for patent infringement after AT&T U-verse dropped Music Choice in favor of the Canadian company. Music Choice had claimed that Stingray’s service included digital audio music and video-on-demand features that infringed on its patents, features that Stingray enhanced after getting access to confidential information during talks about possibly buying Music Choice in 2015. Stingray counter-sued, asserting “claims of unfair competition, defamation, trade libel, tortious interference with existing and prospective contractual relationships, and unfair competition.” (Source: Multichannel)

    It was very interesting that in 2017, Stingray made a $120M offer to Music Choice, that was, rejected, not publicly, simply ignored. The offer was sweet basically no strings attached, and likely this case in dispute completely dismissed.

    “Canadian digital and music video company Stingray Digital Group said it has made an unsolicited offer to purchase pay TV stalwart Music Choice for $120 million. (Id) “

    As  consequence of this lawsuit, multiple other litigation steps have followed this case: IPR,  Counter Claims, Daubert challenges, and much more. I have been tracking this case I have a portfolio in the same are as “Music Choice” & “Stingray Digital”

    Now all my observations resulted accurate, and in other words, the analysis of this cases that I made in 2017 is now a reality.

    In summary, I concluded, and you can confirm at [1]. [2]. [3]. and at edwinhernandez.com  that:

    • ♠ Stingray IPRs was not going to be super successful, as the PTAB judges were not fully convinced with the arguments.
    • ♠ I still believe that Music Choice’s slashed patents by PTAB might have some light in appeal.
    • ♠ Damages Report, challenged by Stingray, with a multi-million dollar award was going to be accepted by the court
    • ♠ Alice defenses were futile by Stingray
    • ♠ Trial was going to be conducted and all other defenses denied

    Now this case is scheduled for trial  Dec 9th, 2019 in Marshall, TX.

    Opinions

    Several rulings have gone unfavorable to Stingray Digital, which includes adoption of the Magistrate judge opinions followed by  an order denying the Daubert challenge made to Dr. Keith Ugone. What this means is that Mr. Ugone’s damages report is safe and sound, in other words the damages expert, Dr. Ugon representing Music Choice,  will be able to tell the jury his story about this case.

    Clearly, this was a big reverse to Stingray ,specially when Dr. Ugone has testified that a “non-infringing alternative” presented by Stingray was not suitable and hence, the damages model was at least $23M from the numbers released in a court ruling.

    Dr. Ugone’s testified that in absence of a non-infringement alternative, loss profits need to be used to compute damages, instead of a reasonable royalty. Assuming $23M in loss profits, that means revenues could have been $75M. If, an expert applies a royalty of 10% that’s $7M and 1%, 700k in reasonable royalties.  Potentially saving $23M in loss profits, or even higher at $75M for treble damages, if the judge considers necessary to punish Stingray.

    As you know, already, I completely disagree as my patents when in use in Cable TV systems are a non-infringing alternative to Music Choice’s.

     

     For that reason and the other reasons stated within the Order, the Court agrees with the conclusion reached within the Order. The Magistrate Judge’s Recommendation is therefore ADOPTED. 

    On second adverse ruling, Judge Payne has provided to Judge Gilstrap its report and recommendations regarding the Alice challenge that Stingray has made against Music Choice, Inc patents. The adverse ruling indicates that as a matter of law, Alice Step One, fails and there is no need to conduct any further steps,

    The Court concludes that each of the remaining asserted claims are not directed to an abstract idea at Alice Step One. Because the Court resolves the Alice inquiry at Step One, the Court need not proceed to Alice Step Two. Thus, the Court recommends that Music Choice’s cross-motion be GRANTED and that Stingray’s motion for judgment on the pleadings be DENIED. 

    As jury selection is due December 9th, 2019, clearly Stingray has a low chance of surviving a trial, and in my opinion, Stingray has increase its chances to be found guilty of infringement and pay a hefty amount, likely a multi-million dollar judgment and a potential injunction relief favorable to stingray.

    What will happen?

    Stingray digital has to find a way to now settle this case or, maybe even better, Stingay can discuss a way to present a license to my patents and technology. My patents and technologiss are clearly as a non-infringing alternative to Music Choice, and my patents are new, and will last for a longer time as a protection.

    Either way, this is not good to be in this position for Stingray.

    Stingray could take a license to my portfolio and present it to Music Choice and the court, and avoid all infringement claims.

    Besides that, Stingray Digital made an offer for $120M to purchase Music Choice, and Music Choice rejected the offer, risked a trial and now their position has been getting more solid day after day.  I would assume that it will have to make an offer around that to settle? That means that Stingray’s revenues in the US, which totals $9M per Quarter or $36M/year are now at risk.

    The current damages report shows a $23M loss profits made by Music Choice as of this date, however a full report is only REDACTED and unavailable to the public.

     

    “Revenues in the United States increased 12.2% to $9.4 million (12.9% of total revenues) and in Other Countries, revenues increased by 31.3% to $16.1 million (22.1% of total revenues)” (Source: Globenewswire).

    Greenberg and Trauig is defending Stingray and Dechert Law, LLP is Music Choice’s plaintiff.

    Licensing of My Patent Portfolio

    There are several ways to find out about my portfolio of patents and software implementation, you can contact me via email to sales@eglacorp.com or call me.   My innovations are covered by US Patents 10,123,074 and 10,524,002 and other continuation patents, including European Patent filings, plus the technology and software platform:

     

     




     

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  • Cloud to Cable – Second Patent Allowed

    Cloud to Cable Second Patent Allowed

    Besides US Patent 10,123,074 a new patent is allowed within the same family. A second set of claims were allowed on September 3rd, 2019 and that means that several claims that cover MPEG TV and Music broadcasting, MPEG 2-way communications, HTTP Live Streaming broadcasting, and fault-tolerance for carriers.

    The patent covers a system to deliver multiple video and audio broadcasts that combine web pages with multimedia to be delivered to cable operators.

    The following summary of inventions and claims for the following inventions:

    ✪ MPEG Broadcasting – DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting)

    ✪ MPEG 2-way broadcasting (On Demand)

    ✪ HTTP Live Streaming (Applications, OTT TV, Over-the-Top)(

    ✪ Fault-Tolerance and broadcasting

    The  claims allowed are essential for modern broadcasting systems for video, music, and web-pages

    The Cloud to Cable TV patents are a bridge between cloud systems and TV & Audio broadcasting platforms where the convergence of HTML and Virtualization make possible, what is called today Edge Computing.

    In 4G & 5G systems, Edge Computing is classified as:

    Edge computing provides compute and storage resources with adequate connectivity (networking) close to the devices generating traffic. The benefit is the ability to provide new services with high requirements on e.g. latency or on local break-out possibilities to save bandwidth in the network – data should not have to travel far in the network to reach the server. Regulatory compliance and network scalability are also important edge computing drivers. Source (Ericsson)

    In a way, Cloud to Cable brings compute and storage resources for TV broadcasting systems, either DVB, Content Delivery Networks, or other similar systems.

    You can review a summary of what’s been published by the USPTO.

    For Licensing Information:

    Licensing-Technologies-Presentation-small

     

    USPTO Public PAIR Information:

    16152606-2
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    4G and 5G networks are being influenced by "AI" or Artificial Intelligence for optimization, fault detection, and other methods in the infrastructure. ...